Which one is the “I love you, man”?

Binge_BSPThere are certainly different types of drunks. “Sober Dave is boring, you should hang out with Drunk Dave, he’s wild!” or “She is usually a sweetheart, but watch out, she’s a mean drunk.”

Having documented the transition to our drunk alter-egos for 100s of years, we are no strangers to the concept of drunk personality types. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that alcohol can change our personalities from a sober type to a drunk type.

 

Today, research pioneered by University of Missouri graduate student, Rachel Winograd, supports the existence of at least four categories of drunk personalities. Importantly, she reveals if one’s type of drunk personality puts them at greater risk of alcohol-related harms (e.g. regrettable sexual encounters or drunken injuries), as well as alcohol addiction.

A group of 187 pairs of undergraduate drinking buddies answered questions linking their drunk personality to the “big five” personality traits (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism). Cluster analysis of these answers led to the description of four main drunk personality types as outlined below.

Not only is it a bit of fun to ask, “What kind of drunk are you?”, the drunk personality research field holds promise for the development of novel interventions to help problem drinkers.

Drunk Personality Type 1: The Ernest Hemingway

As Ernest Hemingway wrote, he ‘‘can drink hells any amount of whiskey without getting drunk.” Thankfully, this is the most common drunk personality type shared by 42% of the undergrads, who reported behaving roughly the same and only slightly changing when intoxicated.

Compared to the other personality types, the personality factors that tend to change the most when drunk — i.e. conscientiousness (being prepared, organized, prompt) and intellect ( understanding abstract ideas, being imaginative) — do not change drastically. It is no surprise then that this drunk personality type was not linked with experiencing more negative consequences or alcoholism symptoms.

Drunk Personality Type 2: The Mr. Hyde

Unfortunately, the second most common drunk personality type (23% of the sample) is the monster of a drunk named after the twisted alter-ego of Dr. Jeckyll, Mr. Hyde. They are characterized by being less conscientious, less intellectual and less agreeable than their sober selves or other drunk personality types.

Their drunk personality being the perfect recipe for increased hostility when under the influence, they are statistically more likely to have alcohol use disorder symptoms (i.e. have a higher risk of alcohol addiction). They also suffer a whole range of negative consequences from drinking, from blacking out to being arrested for drunken behavior.

Drunk Personality Type 3: The Nutty Professor

This type of drunk, comprising 20% of the study participants, does a personality 360 [1] when they get drunk. They are particularly quiet and introverted when sober, but their drunken persona has a large increase in extraversion and decrease in conscientiousness (compared to the other drunk types and their sober self). This is likened to the the Disney character, Shermen Clump, when he transforms from taking his secret chemical formula in The Nutty Professor.

Despite having the most drastic personality change, Nutty Professors were not associated with experiencing more negative alcohol-related consequences from drinking.

Drunk Personality Type 4: The Mary Poppins

The least common drunk personality type in the study, found in 15% of the participants, was ‘The Mary Poppins. They are not only particularly agreeable (i.e. embodying traits of friendliness) when sober, they are also agreeable and friendly when drunk. Like Hemmingways, they also decrease less than average in conscientiousness and intellect when getting drunk.

Their drunken sweetness sets them apart from less agreeable Hemmingways. They are essentially the opposite of the Mr Hyde drunk type of drunk, resulting in significantly less negative consequences from getting drunk.

[1] Perhaps Dr. Clark meant to write 180, as 360 degrees is a full circle that brings you back to your original orientation. Or she was making a joke that I am too obtuse to get. Either way, I’ve left the original phrasing.

REFERENCES

Hemingway, E., & Baker, C. (1981). Ernest Hemingway, selected letters, 1917-1961. New York: Macmillan Pub Co.

Winograd, R. P., Littlefield, A. K., Martinez, J., & Sher, K. J. (2012). The drunken self: The Five-Factor model as an organizational framework for characterizing perceptions of One’s own drunkenness. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 36(10), 1787–1793. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01796.x

Winograd, R. P., Steinley, D., & Sher, K. (2015). Searching for Mr. Hyde: A five-factor approach to characterizing “types of drunks.” Addiction Research & Theory, 24(1), 1–8. doi:10.3109/16066359.2015.1029920

This guest article originally appeared on the award-winning health and science blog and brain-themed community, BrainBlogger: What’s Your Drunk Personality Type – Nutty, Naughty or Nice?

from World of Psychology http://bit.ly/2paelfh


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Lazy, gullible, neurotic? Don’t worry, it just means you’re smart.  

The increased intelligence of Homo sapiens was originally a result of gene mutations. The cost of these gene mutations, however, may have been an increase in mental illness (Nithianantharajah et al., 2012).

Anxiety may have co-evolved with intelligence — worrying may have given early humans a survival benefit in the ancient past (Coplan et al., 2012).

Lazy people are more likely to enjoy thinking, new research finds.

More: 7 Signs of Intelligence That Suggest You Are Smarter Than Average


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Well, I’m doomed: Extroverted optimists live longest. 

Who lives the longest?

1. Introverts versus extroverts

Outgoing, sociable people have the strongest immune systems, a recent study finds.

Those who are the most careful, though, are more likely to have a weaker immune system response.

The research found no evidence, though, that a tendency towards negative emotions was associated with poor health.

2. Optimists versus pessimists

Optimists have healthier hearts than pessimists, a study of over 51,000 adults has found.

Professor Rosalba Hernandez, who led the study, said:

“Individuals with the highest levels of optimism have twice the odds of being in ideal cardiovascular health compared to their more pessimistic counterparts.

This association remains significant, even after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and poor mental health.”

Optimists also had healthier body mass indexes, were more physically active and less likely to smoke.

Researchers found that the more optimistic people were, the greater their overall physical health.

The most optimistic people were 76% more likely to have health scores that were in the ideal range.

3. Conscientiousness

Men with conscientious personality traits and those who are open to experience live longer, a study has found.

For women, those who are more agreeable and emotionally stable enjoy a longer life.

This means that for women the best personality traits for a long life are:

  1. Extroversion
  2. Optimism
  3. Agreeableness
  4. Emotional stability

Whereas for men, the best traits are:

  1. Extroversion
  2. Optimism
  3. Conscientiousness
  4. Openness to experience

Ask your friends how long you will live

The kicker is that it’s your friends — not you — who are better at judging these personality traits from the outside…

…and consequently predicting how long you will live.

Dr Joshua Jackson, the author of a study on the subject, said:

“You expect your friends to be inclined to see you in a positive manner, but they also are keen observers of the personality traits that could send you to an early grave.

[…]

Our study shows that people are able to observe and rate a friend’s personality accurately enough to predict early mortality decades down the road.

It suggests that people are able to see important characteristics related to health even when their friends were, for the most part, healthy and many years from death.”

Source: 4 Personality Traits That Affect How Long You Will Live – PsyBlog


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How To Read Personality From Online Profile Pictures

Social media profile pictures can reveal clues about personality, according to new research.

 Thousands of Twitter user’s pictures were included in the study, along with an analysis of their personality.

Here is how to spot each of the five aspects of personality:

1. Conscientiousness

More conscientious people used pictures that were more natural, colourful and bright.

They expressed the most emotions of all the different personality types.

This probably reflects the fact that conscientious people like to do what is expected of them.

2. Openness to experience

People high in openness to experience often had the best pictures: these tended to be sharper, at higher contrast.

Their photos tended to be more artistic or unusual and their faces were often larger in the frame.

3. Extraverts

Extraverts used more colourful images and were more likely to show a group of people rather than just themselves.

Unsurprisingly, they were usually beaming at the camera.

4. Neuroticism

People higher in neuroticism tended to use simpler photos with less colour.

 They were more likely to show a blank expression or even to be hiding their face.

5. Agreeableness

Highly agreeable people post relatively poor pictures of themselves…

…but they are probably smiling and the pictures are bright and lively.

The study’s authors sum up their findings:

“Users that are either high in openness or neuroticism post less photos of people and when these are present, they tend not to express positive emotions.

The difference between the groups is in the aesthetic quality of the photos, higher for openness and lower for neuroticism.

Users high in conscientiousness, agreeableness or extraversion prefer pictures with at least one face and prefer presenting positive emotions through their facial expressions.

Conscientious users post more what is expected of a profile picture: pictures of one face that expresses the most positive emotion out of all traits.

Extraverts and agreeable people regularly post colorful pictures that convey emotion, although they are not the most aesthetically pleasing, especially for the latter trait.”

The study was published in the journal AAAI DIGITAL LIBRARY (Liu et al., 2016).

from PsyBlog http://bit.ly/1XutQe0


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One Minute Personality Tests – PsyBlog

The Big Five personality framework is well-validated across cultures and popular with researchers, although it’s not as well known at the Myers Briggs. The five factors of personality that emerge with some consistency are

Extroversion/introversion
Neuroticism
Agreeableness
Conscientiousness
Openness to experience

Looking over this list, you can see why the Big Five hasn’t caught on with HR departments. The terms don’t look value-neutral. If you administer the Myers Briggs and report that someone came out as an INTJ or an ESFP, great! Neither one sounds better or worse than the other. But who wants to tell someone they tested as  neurotic and disagreeable?

One dimension that the Big Five has in common with the more popular Myers Briggs is introversion vs. extroversion.

Psychologist Jeremy Dean has posted one-minute measures of introversion and neuroticism, with more to come.

Try it out!

Are You An Introvert, Extrovert or….? 

How Neurotic Are You? One-Minute Personality Test

 


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Personality revealed through text–an interactive tool to analyze your characters (or yourself)

IBM’s Watson User Modeling Service “uses linguistic analytics to extract a spectrum of cognitive and social characteristics from the text data that a person generates through text messages, tweets, posts, and more.”

Input a chunk of text, and get back your Big Five and more.

Graphic source: freepik.com

Try it yourself!

It looks like it’s designed for (creepy, intrusive) marketing purposes, but the demo shows an analysis of a fictional character.  Hey, why not?

How did it do with my main character, Molly Barda?

Molly earned her Ph.D. from one of the top Literature and Creative Writing programs in the country. After a year of fruitless job-hunting (no one warned her about that!), she finally found a position teaching business communication in the College of Commerce at remote Mahina State University. She is determined to make a success of her new life and to bloom where fate, and the academic job market, have planted her.

I fed a chunk of Molly’s dialog into the site. According to the Watson User Modeling Service, Molly ranks above the 75th percentile in these traits:

Self-expression 88%
Fiery 86%
Structure 86%
Practicality 85%
Authority-challenging 81%
Orderliness 80%
Cautiousness 79%
Emotional range 77%
Susceptible to stress 77%
Need for Closeness 76%

She ranks low, below the 25th  percentile, in:

Excitement-seeking 2%
Ideal 2%
Gregariousness 8%
Liberty 8%
Hedonism 10%
Self-discipline 14%
Conservation 15%
Dutifulness 20%
Extraversion 20%
Outgoing 23%

This makes sense; Molly is supposed to be a neurotic INTJ personality type, emphasis on the I(ntrovert). Well done, Watson, and well done me, for drawing the character so well. But wait! What if that just happens to be the way I write? Would all of my characters come out with the same profile?

Let’s try a different character: Davison Gonsalves, the most obnoxious and unrepentant cheater in Molly’s Intro to Business Management class.

He is above the 75th percentile in:

Agreeableness 100% (He is a world-class suckup)
Uncompromising 100%
Outgoing 98% (this is very different from the introverted Molly)
Trust 95%
Extraversion 94%
Assertiveness 92%
Cheerfulness 91%
Altruism 91%
Orderliness 88%
Sympathy 87%
Modesty 86% (this one doesn’t seem right. Watson, explain?)
Gregariousness 84%
Fiery 76%

He is below the 25th percentile in:

Imagination 1%
Authority-challenging 5%
Achievement Striving 9%
Adventurousness 10%
Intellect 13%
Artistic 14%
Excitement-seeking 14%
Conscientiousness 18%
Activity 21%
Self-discipline 25%

He’s low in intellect, conscientiousness, imagination, and self-discipline. That sounds right.

Interesting that although he’s badly behaved, Davison is low in authority challenging, while Molly is high in authority challenging. I’d say that Davison wants to climb to the top of the ladder as quickly as possible, taking shortcuts wherever he can, while Molly would probably question the assumption that success needs to look like a ladder in the first place.

I think this could be a great tool for helping writers to keep characters’ dialog distinct, and to reflect on what kind of personality traits are coming through when each character speaks.


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